🔥🔥🔥 William Wallace Legend

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William Wallace Legend

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William Wallace, the Scottish Hero, Explained in 10 Minutes

Tell's defiance and tyrannicide encouraged the population to open rebellion and a pact against the foreign rulers with neighbouring Schwyz and Unterwalden , marking the foundation of the Swiss Confederacy. Set in the early 14th century traditional date , during the rule of Albert of Habsburg , the first written records of the legend date to the latter part of the 15th century, when the Swiss Confederacy was gaining military and political influence. Tell is a central figure in Swiss national historiography , along with Arnold von Winkelried the hero of Sempach He was important as a symbol during the formative stage of modern Switzerland in the 19th century, known as the period of Restoration and Regeneration , as well as in the wider history of 18th- to 19th-century Europe as a symbol of resistance against aristocratic rule, especially in the Revolutions of against the House of Habsburg which still ruled Austria five hundred years later.

This volume was written in c. An equally early account of Tell is found in the Tellenlied , a song composed in the s, with its oldest extant manuscript copy dating to The song begins with the Tell legend, which it presents as the origin of the Confederacy, calling Tell the "first confederate ". The narrative includes Tell's apple shot , his preparation of a second arrow to shoot Gessler, and his escape, but it does not mention any assassination of Gessler. Aegidius Tschudi , writing c. Still essentially based on the account in the White Book , Tschudi adds further detail. Tschudi is known to habitually have "fleshed out" his sources, so that all detail from Tschudi not found in the earlier accounts may be suspected of being Tschudi's invention.

It is Tschudi's version that became influential in early modern Switzerland and entered public consciousness as the "William Tell" legend. According to Tschudi's account, William Tell was known as a strong man, a mountain climber, and an expert shot with the crossbow. In his time, the House of Habsburg emperors of Austria were seeking to dominate Uri, and Tell became one of the conspirators of Werner Stauffacher who vowed to resist Habsburg rule.

He raised a pole under the village lindentree , hung his hat on top of it, and demanded that all the townsfolk bow before it. In Tschudi's account, on 18 November , Tell visited Altdorf with his young son. He passed by the hat, but publicly refused to bow to it, and was consequently arrested. Gessler was intrigued by Tell's famed marksmanship, but resentful of his defiance, so he devised a cruel punishment. Tell and his son were both to be executed; however, he could redeem his life by shooting an apple off the head of his son Walter in a single attempt.

Tell split the apple with a bolt from his crossbow. Gessler then noticed that Tell had removed two crossbow bolts from his quiver, so he asked why. Tell was reluctant to answer, but Gessler promised that he would not kill him; he replied that, had he killed his son, he would have killed Gessler with the second bolt. Gessler was furious and ordered Tell to be bound, saying that he had promised to spare his life, but would imprison him for the remainder of his life.

They begged Gessler to remove Tell's shackles so that he could take the helm and save them. Gessler gave in, but Tell steered the boat to a rocky place and leaped out. The site is known in the "White Book" as the "Tellsplatte" "Tell's slab" ; it has been marked by a memorial chapel since the 16th century. There are a number of sources for the Tell legend later than the earliest account in the White Book of Sarnen but earlier than Tschudi's version of ca. These include the account in the chronicle of Melchior Russ from Lucerne. The Chronicon Helveticum was compiled by Aegidius Tschudi of Glarus in the years leading up to his death in early For more than years, it existed only in manuscript form, before finally being edited in — Therefore, there is no clear "date of publication" of the chronicle, and its date of composition can only be given approximately, as "ca.

It is Tschudi's account of the legend, however, which became the major model for later writers, even prior to its edition in print in the s, [8]. A widespread veneration of Tell, including sight-seeing excursions to the scenes of his deeds, can be ascertained for the early 16th century. Heinrich Brennwald in the early 16th century mentions the chapel Tellskapelle on the site of Tell's leap from his captors' boat.

Peter Hagendorf , a soldier in the Thirty Years' War , mentions a visit to 'the chapel where William Tell escaped' in his diary. The first recorded Tell play Tellspiel , known as the Urner Tellspiel "Tell Play of Uri" , [10] was probably performed in the winter of either or in Altdorf. They expressed the hope of the subject population to repeat the success story of the rebellion against Habsburg in the early 14th century.

By the 18th century, the Drei Tellen had become associated with a sleeping hero legend. They were said to be asleep in a cave at the Rigi. The return of Tell in times of need was already foretold in the Tellenlied of and symbolically fulfilled in the impersonation of the Three Tells by costumed individuals, in one instance culminating in an actual assassination executed by these impersonators in historical costume.

They appeared at a number of important peasant conferences during the war, symbolizing the continuity of the present rebellion with the resistance movement against the Habsburg overlords at the origin of the Swiss Confederacy. After the suppression of the rebellion, the peasants voted for a tyrannicide , directly inspired by the Tell legend, attempting to kill the Lucerne Schultheiss Ulrich Dulliker. In an ambush, they managed to injure Dulliker and killed a member of the Lucerne parliament, Caspar Studer.

The assassination attempt — an exceptional act in the culture of the Old Swiss Confederacy — was widely recognized and welcomed among the peasant population, but its impact was not sufficient to rekindle the rebellion. Even though it did not have any direct political effect, its symbolic value was considerable, placing the Lucerne authorities in the role of the tyrant Habsburg and Gessler and the peasant population in that of the freedom fighters Tell. The Three Tells after the deed went to mass, still wearing their costumes, without being molested. In July , Zemp betrayed his successor Stadelmann in exchange for pardon and Stadelmann was executed on 15 July The "sleeping hero" version of the Three Tells legend was published in Deutsche Sagen by the Brothers Grimm in no.

Throughout the long nineteenth century , and into the World War II period, Tell was perceived as a symbol of rebellion against tyranny both in Switzerland and in Europe. Antoine-Marin Lemierre wrote a play inspired by Tell in and revived it in The success of this work established the association of Tell as a fighter against tyranny with the history of the French Revolution. The French revolutionary fascination with Tell was reflected in Switzerland with the establishment of the Helvetic Republic. Tell became, as it were, the mascot of the short-lived republic, his figure being featured on its official seal.

Benito Juarez , President of Mexico and national hero, chose the alias "Guillermo Tell" the Spanish version of William Tell when he joined the Freemasons; [14] he picked this name because he liked and admired the story and character of Tell whom he considered a symbol of freedom and resistance. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe learned of the Tell saga during his travels through Switzerland between and He obtained a copy of Tschudi's chronicles and considered writing a play about Tell, but ultimately gave the idea to his friend Friedrich von Schiller , who in —04 wrote the play Wilhelm Tell , first performed on 17 March , in Weimar.

Schiller's Tell is heavily inspired by the political events of the late 18th century, the French and American revolutions , in particular. Schiller's play was performed at Interlaken the Tellspiele in the summers of to , to and every year since In it was first performed in Altdorf itself. Gioachino Rossini used Schiller's play as the basis for his opera William Tell. Around the first William Tell patterned playing cards were produced in Pest, Hungary. They were inspired by Schiller's play and made during tense relations with the ruling Habsburgs. The cards became popular throughout the Austrian Empire during the Revolution of Characters and scenes from the opera William Tell are recognisable on the court cards and Aces of William Tell cards , playing cards that were designed in Hungary around These cards are still the most common German-suited playing cards in that part of the world today.

The town was originally dubbed Helvetia, but was quickly changed to Tell City to honor the legendary Swiss hero. The city became known for its manufacturing, especially of fine wood furniture. William Tell and symbols of an apple with an arrow through it are prominent in the town, which includes a bronze statue of Tell and his son, based on the one in Altdorf, Switzerland. The statue was erected on a fountain in front of city hall in Tell City High School uses these symbols in its crest or logo, and the sports teams are called "The Marksmen.

Each August since , Tell City's centennial year, the town has held "Schweizer Fest," a community festival of entertainment, stage productions, historical presentations, carnival rides, beer garden, sporting events and class reunions, to honor its Swiss-German heritage. Many of the activities occur on the grounds of City Hall and Main Street, at the feet of the Tell statue. Lamenting the negative reaction to his action, Booth wrote in his journal on 21 April "with every man's hand against me, I am here in despair.

And why; For doing what Brutus was honored for and what made Tell a Hero. And yet I for striking down a greater tyrant than they ever knew am looked upon as a common cutthroat. Following a national competition, won by Richard Kissling , Altdorf in erected a monument to its hero. Kissling casts Tell as a peasant and man of the mountains, with strong features and muscular limbs. His powerful hand rests lovingly on the shoulder of little Walter, but the apple is not shown. The depiction is in marked contrast with that used by the Helvetic Republic, where Tell is shown as a landsknecht rather than a peasant, with a sword at his belt and a feathered hat, bending down to pick up his son who is still holding the apple. He was tried in Westminster Hall and crowned with a circlet of oak — traditionally associated with outlaws.

The interior of Westminster Hall. Wallace was hanged, drawn and quartered in August , 9 years before the Battle of Bannockburn , which marked the start of de facto Scottish independence. Formal independence was acknowledged by the English in the Treaty of Edinburgh—Northampton in TV A new online only channel for history lovers. Sign Me Up. Discovering the real William Wallace. The recorded story of Scotland begins with the arrival of the Roman Empire in the 1st century, when the province of Britannia reached as far north as the Antonine Wall. But how much further back can the history of Scotland be traced? Who were the Picts and the Gaels?

And how did the Viking invasion unite them? Rob Weinberg asks the big how and why questions about the birth of Scotland to Dr. Alex Woolf, senior lecturer at the University of St Andrews. Misha Glenny is the host of a radio show called The Invention of Britain and he discusses with Dan the development of Britain. Glenny explores the history of our relationships with Scotland, Wales and Ireland, as well as the no less tempestuous relationship with Europe. You May Also Like.

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