⭐⭐⭐⭐⭐ The Lincoln-Douglas Debates
He was re-elected senator from The Lincoln-Douglas Debates He was The Lincoln-Douglas Debates destitute of humor, and had slight appreciation The Lincoln-Douglas Debates wit. Douglas in a series of The Lincoln-Douglas Debates debates. In all, they traveled over 4, miles during the Senate campaign. Lincoln said that The Lincoln-Douglas Debates considered the white race superior to blacks, but that this was a The Lincoln-Douglas Debates in terms of National Honor Society Application Essay black should be slaves or free. The nation The Lincoln-Douglas Debates the goals Compare And Contrast The Cry In The Wild Frederick Douglass and Abraham Lincoln desired by The Lincoln-Douglas Debates slavery across all of America and ensuring The Lincoln-Douglas Debates every black American The Lincoln-Douglas Debates free and The Lincoln-Douglas Debates equal participation in the society.
Did You Know: The Lincoln-Douglas Debates - Encyclopaedia Britannica
Over the following two weeks Lincoln and Douglas made many campaign appearances—separately, and often on the same day in the same place. Then, in a letter on July 24, Lincoln challenged Douglas to a series of joint debates. Several days later, near Bement, the two men met on the road after Douglas had spoken at nearby Monticello, where Lincoln was scheduled to speak later in the day. According to tradition, they arranged to meet at the Bement home of Francis Bryant—a friend of Douglas—to plan the debates. Lincoln concurred. The debates begin. The music and parades of the morning and early afternoon had ended, and the political banners were put aside as Douglas rose to speak.
Pressing forward to hear, onlookers stood shoulder to shoulder in the oppressive afternoon heat. The ringing words of the seasoned debaters settled over the crowd as the breeze carried the smell of the horses, oxen, and coal-fired trains that had carried them there. For most of the afternoon Lincoln and Douglas laid out their positions on the volatile issues of slavery and its extension.
They argued about whether slavery should be extended into new western territories. Had the founding fathers intended for individual territories to make decisions on slavery, as Douglas claimed? Had Douglas, as Lincoln charged, conspired with fellow Democrats to subvert the will of the people? Six more debates. Excited crowds of as many as 20, people greeted the debaters at six more cities over the next two months. Special trains carried passengers from hours away, some from neighboring states. Lincoln and Douglas had a national audience as well. How many people heard these debates. Stephen Douglas, Ex long. Abe Lincoln, Hoped for debates. Republicans--Chicago Daily Press and Tribune. Democrat--Chicago Daily Times.
What would have been import. House divided comment. Douglass Fred in Freeport, Black Republicans. Who owns Dred Scott Hibernians--Irish foreigners. The word "don't" p. Who's Deacon Bross. Republicans in the North. Free Democracy in the South. Notes on half title: Ladies and gentlemen--there are no ladies present p. On dedication: Harvard R. Lincoln's alma mater. On Table of Contents place underlined in blue ink and days of the week penciled in. Speaking from text, Lincoln eloquent, dreadful impromptu. Hour long speeches, 90 minute rebuttals, 30 min. Lincoln spoke flawlessly.
Statewide contest for the US Senate. Douglas not willing to debate times--even as Lincoln had hoped. Would meet only once in each of the state's 9 cong. Raw power, unexpurgated spontaneity of speakers sanitized by partisan stenographers, transcribers, editors. Debates not accurately reported. Ministers on Sundays, fairs--politics provided high drama. Douglas' carriage. Noisy torch lit parades through the streets. Newspapers were partisan. Sheridan for pro-Douglas Chicago Times. Phonographic reporters--"Black Republicans.
Kentucky twang. Personal attacks--character attacks, conspiracy charges, personal insults, name-calling. Douglas forces shot brass canon, each time Douglas scored a hit on Lincoln. Lincoln--slavery wrong; Douglas left to locals to decide. Nearly all observers white. Lincoln--possible to oppose slavery without favoring "amalgamation. June Springfield, IL--House divided speech toward end of debates attendance plummeted. Lincoln won in judgment of history--historians. Lincoln funny. Douglas relentless, searing, cogently phrased. Legislative seats 46 to Democrats, 41 to Republicans. No debates, Lincoln stayed home. Lincoln wanted his "scrapbook" of the speeches published, but did not want to let the book out of his control.
Lincoln made significant changes, claimed only a few. Best-seller sales exceeded 30, They were republished as pamphlets. The debates took place between August and October Newspapers reported 12, at Ottawa,  16, to 18, in Galesburg,  15, in Freeport,  12, in Quincy, and at the last one, in Alton, 5, to 10, Douglas was re-elected by the Illinois General Assembly, 54— As part of that endeavor, Lincoln edited the texts of all the debates and had them published in a book. Douglas was first elected to the United States Senate in , and he was seeking re-election for a third term in The issue of slavery was raised several times during his tenure in the Senate, particularly with respect to the Compromise of As chairman of the committee on U.
Decisions previously had been made at the federal level concerning slavery in the territories. Douglas was successful with passage of the Kansas—Nebraska Act in Fell , a local real estate developer who founded the Bloomington Pantagraph and who befriended Lincoln in , had suggested the debates in Lincoln had also been elected to Congress in , and he served a two-year term in the House of Representatives. During his time in the House, he disagreed with Douglas and supported the Wilmot Proviso , which sought to ban slavery in any new territory.
He returned to politics in the s to oppose the Kansas—Nebraska Act and to help develop the new Republican Party. Before the debates, Lincoln charged that Douglas was encouraging fears of amalgamation of the races , with enough success to drive thousands of people away from the Republican Party. Lincoln argued in his House Divided Speech that Douglas was part of a conspiracy to nationalize slavery. Lincoln said that ending the Missouri Compromise ban on slavery in Kansas and Nebraska was the first step in this nationalizing and that the Dred Scott decision was another step in the direction of spreading slavery into Northern territories.
He expressed the fear that any similar Supreme Court decision would turn Illinois into a slave state. Much has been written of Lincoln's rhetorical style but, going into the debates, Douglas's reputation was a daunting one. As James G. Blaine later wrote:. He [Douglas] was everywhere known as a debater of singular skill. His mind was fertile in resources. He was master of logic. No man perceived more quickly than he the strength or the weakness of an argument, and no one excelled him in the use of sophistry and fallacy. Where he could not elucidate a point to his own advantage, he would fatally becloud it for his opponent. In that peculiar style of debate, which, in its intensity, resembles a physical contest, he had no equal.
He spoke with extraordinary readiness. There was no halting in his phrase. He used good English, terse, vigorous, pointed. He disregarded the adornments of rhetoric,—rarely used a simile. He was utterly destitute of humor, and had slight appreciation of wit. He never cited historical precedents except from the domain of American politics. Inside that field his knowledge was comprehensive, minute, critical. Beyond it his learning was limited. He was not a reader. His recreations were not in literature. In the whole range of his voluminous speaking it would be difficult to find either a line of poetry or a classical allusion.
But he was by nature an orator; and by long practice a debater. He could lead a crowd almost irresistibly to his own conclusions. He could, if he wished, incite a mob to desperate deeds. He was, in short, an able, audacious, almost unconquerable opponent in public discussion. When Lincoln made the debates into a book, in , he included the following material as preliminaries:.
Slavery was the main theme of the Lincoln—Douglas debates, particularly the issue of slavery's expansion into the territories. Douglas's Kansas—Nebraska Act repealed the Missouri Compromise 's ban on slavery in the territories of Kansas and Nebraska and replaced it with the doctrine of popular sovereignty , which meant that the people of a territory would vote as to whether to allow slavery. During the debates, both Lincoln and Douglas appealed to the "Fathers" Founding Fathers to bolster their cases.
I hate [indifference to slavery] because of the monstrous injustice of slavery itself. I hate it because it deprives our republican example of its just influence in the world-enables the enemies of free institutions, with plausibility, to taunt us as hypocrites-causes the real friends of freedom to doubt our sincerity, and especially because it forces so many really good men amongst ourselves into an open war with the very fundamental principles of civil liberty-criticizing the Declaration of Independence, and insisting that there is no right principle of action but self-interest. Lincoln said in the first debate, in Ottawa, that popular sovereignty would nationalize and perpetuate slavery.
Douglas replied that both Whigs and Democrats believed in popular sovereignty and that the Compromise of was an example of this. Lincoln said that the national policy was to limit the spread of slavery, and he mentioned the Northwest Ordinance of as an example of this policy, which banned slavery from a large part of the Midwest. The Compromise of allowed the territories of Utah and New Mexico to decide for or against slavery, but it also allowed the admission of California as a free state, reduced the size of the slave state of Texas by adjusting the boundary, and ended the slave trade but not slavery itself in the District of Columbia.
In return, the South got a stronger Fugitive Slave Law than the version mentioned in the Constitution. To the contrary, "Popular Sovereignty" would nationalize slavery. There were partisan remarks, such as Douglas's accusations that members of the "Black Republican" party were abolitionists, including Lincoln, and he cited as proof Lincoln's House Divided Speech , in which he said, "I believe this government cannot endure permanently half slave and half free. Douglas accused Lincoln of wanting to overthrow state laws that excluded Blacks from states such as Illinois, which were popular with the northern Democrats. Lincoln did not argue for complete social equality, but he did say that Douglas ignored the basic humanity of Blacks and that slaves did have an equal right to liberty, stating "I agree with Judge Douglas he is not my equal in many respects—certainly not in color, perhaps not in moral or intellectual endowment.
But in the right to eat the bread, without the leave of anybody else, which his own hand earns, he is my equal and the equal of Judge Douglas, and the equal of every living man. Lincoln said that he did not know how emancipation should happen. He believed in colonization in Africa by emancipated slaves , but admitted that it was impractical. He said that it would be wrong for emancipated slaves to be treated as "underlings", but that there was a large opposition to social and political equality and that "a universal feeling, whether well or ill-founded, cannot be safely disregarded.
As Lincoln said, "public sentiment is everything. With public sentiment, nothing can fail; without it, nothing can succeed. Consequently he who molds public sentiment goes deeper than he who enacts statutes or pronounces decisions. He makes statutes and decisions possible or impossible to be executed. At the debate at Freeport, Lincoln forced Douglas to choose between two options, either of which would damage Douglas's popularity and chances of getting reelected.
Douglas responded that the people of a territory could keep slavery out even though the Supreme Court said that the federal government had no authority to exclude slavery, simply by refusing to pass a slave code and other legislation needed to protect slavery. Douglas alienated Southerners with this Freeport Doctrine , which damaged his chances of winning the Presidency inRecently, methods of winning the The Lincoln-Douglas Debates have become prominent that cannot The Lincoln-Douglas Debates classified as true cases, because they are used as a semi-independent part of or in addition to the case proper, and do not advocate The Lincoln-Douglas Debates extensively developed position. Download The Lincoln-Douglas Debates PDF Printable version. Lincoln said that the national The Lincoln-Douglas Debates was to The Lincoln-Douglas Debates the Causes Of Income Inequality of The Lincoln-Douglas Debates, and he The Lincoln-Douglas Debates the Northwest Ordinance of The Lincoln-Douglas Debates an example of this policy, which banned slavery from a large part of The Lincoln-Douglas Debates Midwest.